Monthly Archives: January 2021

Allen Ginsberg’s ‘The Fall of America’ – A 50th Anniversary Musical Tribute ft. Lee Ranaldo, Thurston Moore, Andrew Bird, etc.

A tribute album celebrating the 50th anniversary of Beatnik poet Allen Ginsberg‘s The Fall of America: Poems of These States will feature musical interpretations from artists including Sonic Youth’s Lee Ranaldo and Thurston Moore, Yo La Tengo, Andrew Bird, and more. 

Consisting of new musical versions of Ginsberg’s poetry from The Fall of America, set alongside recordings of Ginsberg recitations, the tribute also benefits voter registration non-partisan organization Headcount. Allen Ginsberg’s The Fall of America: A 50th Anniversary Musical Tribute is set to be released on digital formats on February 5 with CD/vinyl arriving June 4th.

Photo courtesy of Ken Weinstein

“When invited to write a musical setting from The Fall of America, I chose the powerful final 16 lines of ‘Memory Gardens,’ adding some explanatory text at the beginning to make it more vivid. Ahh Allen, Ahh Jack!”

-Ed Sanders, Woodstock, N.Y


“For my Japanese reading, I tried to keep the tone much like the narration at the beginning of a dystopian film, or a parent reading a storybook of old stories to their children.

I am honored to be a part of such a wonderful project.”

-Shintaro Sakamoto, Tokyo


“While most people tend to reflect the brightness of the era, Ginsberg didn’t shy away from the darkness. He writes the scene in all its complexity, the busts of excitements and Dionysian excesses as well as darker images, such as the sculpture of the hanged man. He forces us to recognize the children sleeping in the bed and the police cars parked outside, red lights revolving in the trees.”

-Mickey Hart, California

Fall of America poems — published by City Lights Books in San Francisco — covers the years 1965-1971 when Ginsberg was zig-zagging across the country and narrating into the portable reel to reel Uher that Bob Dylan had gifted him.

“In 1965, Ginsberg began planning an ambitious project, a book of thematically connected poems, a collection that ‘discovered’ America in poetry similar to the way Kerouac’s On the Road had explored the country in prose,” explains editor of The Fall of America Journals Michael Schumacher. “The Vietnam War would be a constant presence overhanging Ginsberg’s travel writings like a darkening shadow affecting daily life in the country. It would be a study of contrasts: natural beauty slammed up against an ugliness that rose out of the tensions of violence. The public’s polarized dialogue over Vietnam and, earlier in the decade, the civil rights movement, convinced Ginsberg that America was teetering on the precipice of a fall.” – Michael Schumacher, from introduction to The Fall of America Journals 1965-1971.

Digital Track Listing:

1)    Scanner – Elegy for Neal Cassidy

2)    Handsome Family – Hiway Poesy Painted Desert into Albuquerque

3)    Shintaro Sakamoto – Manhattan Thirties Flash

4)    Thurston Moore & Lee Ranaldo – Hum Bom

5)    Aliah Rosenthal – War Profit Litany

6)    Ed Sanders (The Fugs) – Memory Gardens

7)    Mickey Hart – Drones Du Jour (First Party at Ken Kesey’s with Hell’s Angels)

8)    ethereal_interface – An Open Window on Chicago

9)    Howie B with Gavin Friday – Death on All Fronts (America is Falling)

10) Disco Pusher – A Prophecy

11) Kaya Project – Wales Visitation

12) Angelique Kidjo – Uluru Song

13) Bill Frisell – Over Laramie

14) Andrew Bird – Easter Sunday

15) Devendra Banhart – Milarepa Taste

16) Yo La Tengo – Bayonne into NYC

17) The Good Ones (Rwanda) – Falling Asleep in America

18) Steven Taylor – Continuation of a Long Poem in These States

19) Lang Lee – Pain on All Fronts

20)  Social Animals – Falling Asleep In America (Roses Smell Sweet)


Vinyl Track Listing Side A: 

1)    Scanner – Elegy for Neal Cassidy

2)    Shintaro Sakamoto – Manhattan Thirties Flash

3)    Thurston Moore & Lee Ranaldo – Hum Bom

4)    Ed Sanders (The Fugs) – Memory Gardens

5)    Mickey Hart – Drones Du Jour (First Party at Ken Kesey’s)

6)    Howie B with Gavin Friday – Death on All Fronts (America is Falling)

7)    Disco Pusher – A Prophecy

 Side B:

1)    Angelique Kidjo – Uluru Song

2)    Bill Frisell – Over Laramie

3)    Andrew Bird – Easter Sunday

4)    Devendra Banhart – Milarepa Taste

5)    Yo La Tengo – Bayonne into NYC

6)    Lang Lee – Pain on All Fronts

 Bonus download: Youth – Iron Horse (An Epic 32 Minute Auditory Journey)

*Feature image: Ginsberg reading to a crowd in 1966 (credit: Associated Press)

Swedish Blues-Rockers Black River Delta to Release New LP ‘Shakin’

Black River Delta is a blues-rock band originating from Bollnäs, Sweden. The foursome have released two studio albums – Devil on the Loose (2016) and Vol. II (2018), and are poised to drop their latest heavy-hitting full-length effort Shakin’ this spring.

The band’s gritty blues-rock sound draws from classic blues legends like Robert Johnson, the raw style of R. L. Burnside and modern artists such as The Black Keys, Gary Clark Jr. and Black Rebel Motorcycle Club.

Their ability to combine age-old blues with modern rock has taking them on several tours across Europe and North America, and has caught the attention of artists like blues legend Joe Bonamassa, calling Vol. II one of the best albums of 2018 and even inviting the band to perform on his annual cruise festival.

Black River Delta’s new album, Shakin’, will be available this spring via Sofaburn Records.

Joanna Connor Set to Release Album Produced by Joe Bonamassa 2/26

Chicago-based slide guitar virtuoso and singer-songwriter Joanna Connor, who is best known as one of the reigning Queens of blues-rock guitar, releases her 14th album 4801 South Indiana Avenue on Joe Bonamassa’s new independent blues record label Keeping The Blues Alive on February 26, 2021.

The new album, the follow up to her critically acclaimed studio album Rise, was produced by Joe Bonamassa and Josh Smith at Ocean Way Recording Studios in Nashville, Tennessee.

Joanna, Joe, and the rest of the musicians on the album dug deeply and conjured up an authentic, alive, and kicking non-derivative set of Chicago Blues.

Photo courtesy of Cory Councill

Says Joanna, “We chose the album title ‘4801 South Indiana Avenue’ because it was the actual street address of the hallowed funky blues sanctuary ‘Theresa’s Lounge.’ We want the listener to open that door, walk in, and feel to their core some of the magic that a place like that brought night after night. It was an honor to bring this to you, the listener.”

Joanna has played guitar with the who’s who of blues including the likes of James Cotton, Buddy Guy, Jimmy Page, and Junior Wells. Debuting at Chicago’s premiere blues club Kingston Mines in the 1980s, she played there three nights a week ever since, in between gigs at larger clubs and festivals, before the spread of the pandemic earlier this year.

An aggressively edgy and highly innovative blues-rock guitarist with a tight groove that encompasses jazz and funk, Joanna’s hailed by many as one of the most powerful and influential female guitarists on the planet.

The new album reflects an entirely new experience from the way Joanna has recorded music in the past. “This album is a homage to the blues school that I attended in Chicago,” says Joanna. “We attempted to capture the spirit of tradition and inject it with raw energy and passion.”

When Joanna was asked how Joe came to produce her album, she remembers it like it was yesterday. “We recorded the album in Nashville. Joe retweeted one of my videos last May and it went viral on his site. I thanked him in a message, gave him my contact info, and he immediately responded.”

“He opened for me years ago at the House of Blues Backporch Stage in Chicago, where I played weekly for years! Joe was totally aware of me for years. He wanted to make an album for me that he felt I needed to make and had never really made.”

Joanna has a reputation in music circles for being a great guitar player. What did she try to achieve with her guitar playing on the new album?

Says Joanna, “We used no effects, lots of cool guitars and vintage amps, which is new for me. We tried to redo it to portray the deep history I have in the blues genre, bring out the thousands of sweaty hours in those blues clubs in Chicago and deliver it to the record.”

On the new album, Joe pushed Joanna which enabled her to deliver a more powerful vocal on every track.

“It was the hardest I’ve ever pushed my voice ever,” says Joanna.

But why did Joe Bonamassa want to produce Joanna’s new album? “I remember asking Joe point-blank, ‘Out of all the guitar players in the world why me?’ He said, “Because you have an intensity about your playing that most people don’t have. As a matter of fact, I wish I had some of that in myself where you just let it go, and you don’t even think about it.”

 The new album features the crème de le crème of musicians. Joanna cites working with them as an unforgettable experience.

 “Playing with Reese Wynans was an honor and a privilege and brought me to tears. Having Josh Smith and Joe playing guitar on every cut and arranging everything was a gift to me. Bassist Calvin Turner was incredibly groovy and solid and was responsible for the horn arrangements. Lemar Carter is one of the hottest drummers on the music scene and plays with Frank Ocean and so many others. He’s a master of time and taste and groove. We recorded every song in a max of three takes. We were all in the same room together, except for Joe who was in the control room playing and producing. Making this album felt like a sweet gig.”

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4801 South Indiana Avenue Track Listing:

Destination (3:31)

Come Back Home (4:19)

Bad News (6:26)

I Feel So Good (3:35)

For The Love Of A Man (4:20)

Trouble Trouble (3:40)

Please Help (4:14)

Cut You Loose (4:09)

Part Time Love (5:06)

It’s My Time (4:39)

Fantastic Negrito Performs ‘Have You Lost Your Mind Yet’ Livestream

St. Louis blues man Jeremiah Johnson will be performing a virtual concert on Friday evening. In the midst of the worst pandemic of our lifetimes, Johnson released 2 charting albums, spent time as a father, and plays when he can, all with a smile on his face.

20 Years Ago, Donnie Darko Turned ’80s Pop Into Nostalgic Dread

The sky is purple. As the sun rises, a dazed-looking teenage boy wakes up. He’s off in the forest, surrounded by rolling hills, in his pajamas, his bike lying next to him. The kid wakes up and smiles to himself, enjoying some private joke. Then the song starts up. As the kid rides his bike back home, a suburban idyll unfolds before him in ecstatic slow motion. Middle-aged women power-walk past manicured lawns. A smirking father uses a leaf-blower to mess up his teenage daughter’s hair. A little girl bounces on a backyard trampoline while her mother, in a nearby lawn chair, reads Stephen King’s It. Read more ›

Dolly Parton Challenges Fans With a ‘Call for Kindness’ in Birthday Message

Dolly Parton has issued an open letter to her fans on the occasion of her 75th birthday. Part personal reflection, part inspirational challenge, Parton’s message, posted on the singer’s website, asks readers to be compassionate.

“My wish is that everyone does something a little different today. Let’s call it a call for kindness. If you want to donate to your favorite cause, then donate. If you want to give an old friend a call during these lonely times, give them a call. If you can safely volunteer, then raise your hand to do so,” she wrote in part. “The choices are limitless.”

Parton also emphasized the importance of commitment in her letter. “I always encourage people to dream big but I also take great care to follow that up with the message to work hard. We can’t just hope for a brighter day, we have to work for a brighter day,” she wrote. “Love too often gets buried in a world of hurt and fear. We have to work to dig it out so we can share it with our family, our friends and our neighbors. So today, January 19th, let’s get to unearthing love. Love is more contagious than a virus so let your best self shine in a glorious light and others will be inspired by you.”

Born January 19th, 1946, in Sevier County, Tennessee, Parton wrote songs about her own hardscrabble upbringing. She evolved into a global icon, transcending country music to become an ambassador for positivity, compassion, and acceptance. On her birthday, she says she’s “choosing the quiet path so I can stay close to the ones I love to count my blessings and think hard about what this new year will bring.”

Thanks to Parton’s own generosity, that means hope: In April, the singer donated $1 million to Nashville’s Vanderbilt University to successfully help develop a Covid-19 vaccine.

David Gilmour Partners With Martin Guitars For New Signature Edition Guitars

The sweet tones of David Gilmour’s treasured 1969 Martin D-35 resonate through many classic Pink Floyd songs since the guitarist purchased the instrument from a musician while outside Manny’s Music in New York in the early ‘70s.

Now, Martin introduces two new David Gilmour Custom Signature Edition D-35 Guitars, which take inspiration from the original and adds a few new creative changes. The first model is a 6-string and the second, guaranteed to make “Wish You Were Here” fans happy, is a 12-string version.

Martin David Gilmour Custom Signature Edition D-35 Guitar (Photo courtesy Martin Guitar)

Those interested in owning one of these guitars better move fast. Only 250 pieces will be produced, split between the two models, which are priced at $5,499 each. Through this partnership, Martin Guitar is also supporting the David Gilmour Charitable Foundation.

Martin David Gilmour Custom Signature Edition D-35 12-String Guitar (Photo courtesy Martin Guitar)

Martin Guitars learned of Gilmour’s interest in creating a signature model from their UK distributor Westside and designed three prototypes to present to Gilmour.

“My first thought was that David might want a replica of his 1969 D- 35,” Martin’s VP of Product Development Fred Greene said. “While that would be cool, it would not leave a lot of room for creativity. I was so excited to hear that he was more interested in creating something unique and special to this moment in time. I knew we could provide him with options and features that would allow this new instrument to exist on its own merits, while still drawing upon his original D-35 for inspiration. Much like David’s music, this guitar is a unique and inspirational piece of art that hopefully will inspire others to create their own art.”

David Gilmour with his Martin Custom Signature Edition D-35 Guitars (photo courtesy Martin Guitars)

Typically made with rosewood, this is the first time Martin has built a three-piece back “35” with sinker mahogany for the back, sides, neck, and neck block.

The 6-string and 12-string models are both finished in vintage gloss, a historic process normally available only on the Martin Authentic Series models. According to Martin, this delivers a soft sheen patina somewhere between full gloss and satin.

Top of the Martin David Gilmour Custom Signature Edition D-35 Guitar (Photo courtesy Martin Guitar)

As you can expect, the Pink Floyd guitarist owns a few other vintage guitars, including an early ’40s vintage Martin D-18, which has an Adirondack spruce top and offers more complex overtones. Gilmour chose this stiffer spruce for the top of the 6-string model, which was then torrefied using the Martin Vintage Tone System® (VTS), a process that “ages” the wood, adding vintage sound characteristics without waiting years for it to happen naturally.

The top braces on the 6 string are 1/4-inch Adirondack spruce, for added support and resonance, and they are scalloped and forward-shifted. The top of the 12 string is Carpathian spruce, grown in the mountains of Romania and often prized for its “best of both worlds” properties. It has the stiffness found in Adirondack, while maintaining the lower density and lightness often seen in the traditional European spruce varieties (German, Swiss, and Italian).

The fingerboard inlay on both guitars is a special pattern created for this signature edition. It’s a standard 35 layout, but the dot size has been scaled down slightly and inlaid in abalone. The neck shape for the 6 string is unique and was created specifically for Gilmour. It began as a modified low oval but is now more rounded and slightly fuller below the 5th fret, creating a neck that is very comfortable and easy to play. The 6 string also features a carbon fiber bridge plate, as found on the recent Modern Deluxe Series, offering enhanced volume and clarity.

Both models have head stamps, as found on early Martin guitars.  However, this is the first time in its history that Martin has created special head stamps for an artist signature edition.

Head Stamp on the Martin Guitar David Gilmour Signature Edition D-35 (Photo courtesy Martin Guitar)

Martin 6-string Dreadnoughts usually come equipped with 13-gauge strings (mediums), but in order to remain faithful to the artist, who uses MA540T strings for all of his Martin guitars, this guitar is strung with 12-gauge strings (lights)—specifically Martin Authentic Acoustic® Lifespan® 2.0.

Both guitars come in a slate blue case, a nod back to the blue case that David’s original D-35 would have left the factory in all those years ago. Finally, and as if all this isn’t already special enough, every guitar bears a custom internal paper label, each one individually signed by David himself.

These special guitars will be available for purchase at select Martin retailers. Visit www. for more information.

Danny Kroha (The Gories) Announces Solo Album ‘Detroit Blues’ on Third Man Records

Danny Kroha, founding member of Detroit minimal garage rock trio The Gories, is excited to announce his sophomore solo album Detroit Blues, due February 5, 2021 via Third Man Records. Limited edition turquoise vinyl will be available at TMR storefronts and select indie stores in the US & UK on release day.

Photo courtesy of Zack Kraimer

The album is largely comprised of Kroha’s interpretations of traditional folk, blues and gospel songs from the public domain, created with an assortment of anachronistic DIY instruments like the one-string washtub bass, jug bass and The Diddley Bow.

Kroha has recently been spending time learning and recording more traditional folk, blues, and gospel tunes from the public domain. His upcoming Detroit Blues could be considered part two of his debut solo LP, Angels Watching Over Me

In his own words, “It was me in a room playing acoustic instruments and doing my own arrangements of some old songs.” 

Not so fast, buddy! When you hear this record and dig a little deeper into the facts, you’ll have a heightened awareness of the sonic beauty found in the simplicity. On many of these traditional songs, Danny dropped, added or rearranged verses from various sources, mixing up music from one song and words from another creating his own amalgamation of early blues and country.

Keep your ears peeled for familiar and wild homemade sounds. There’s a DIY one-string washtub bass made from a fire snake rail-heater that can found on some railroad tracks. There’s a lot of jug bass, blowing the bass notes over the jug opening, frequently heard in early rural American music but also with the 13th Floor Elevators, who ran their jug through an amplifier.

The one string guitar, aka The Diddley Bow, on “Come Out Of The Wilderness” is rare. Aside from Danny, one of the last times we heard one was on One String Sam’s “I Need A Hundred Dollars.” You have your traditional assortment of washboards, tambourine and other percussion instruments, but during one session, Danny and the album supervisor tried out several pairs of Danny’s work boots to find the best tone for the foot stomps. We’ll report back soon on what brand was chosen. 

Instead of following all the rules rooted in early blues and old time country, Danny Kroha mixed up all the traditions and kicked out a new old sound that could really only happen in Detroit: “I listen to both genres, for sure. I just wasn’t TRYING to make a record that sounds like that. It just came out more like a field recording than a studio recording.”

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Poor Howard

Detroit Blues

I’ll Be Rested

Way Down In Florida On A Hog

Oh Death

Reuben, Oh Reuben

Come Out The Wilderness

Leavin’ Blues

Little Lulie

Adam and Eve

Rich Girl, Poor Girl

Run Johnny

House of the Rising Sun

Up Above My Head



Lumineers Drummer Jeremiah Fraites Makes Solo Run With New Album ‘Piano Piano’

As the drummer and co-founder for indie folk rock band The Lumineers, Jeremiah Fraites has co-written songs such as “Ho Hey,” the debut single that brought the band international fame in 2012. On January 22, Fraites will reveal another side of his musicianship when he releases Piano Piano, his debut solo album (out on Dualtone Records). As the title suggests, the songs on this release are piano-based instrumentals.

Prior to the album’s release, Fraites is premiering the track “Chilly” here at American Songwriter.

“I think that it’s a part of me that not a lot of people might be aware of,” Fraites tells American Songwriter, though he adds, “With the Lumineers, there’s been some little hints that I really love the piano,” such as the tracks “Patience” and “April,” which are both instrumental piano pieces.

Although Fraites has been through three album releases with The Lumineers (most recently in 2019 with III), all of which were met with significant chart success and critical praise, he admits that releasing work under his own name is a new experience. “It feels massively different than releasing a Lumineers LP,” he says. “This was my first solo project—the first time I was going to release something without the safety net and protection of The Lumineers, so it was kind of scary, in a way. But [I’m] excited, too.”

Piano Piano has been a long time coming: Fraites says he first started writing some of these songs a dozen years ago. As he wrote material that didn’t seem right for The Lumineers, he set it aside and began thinking of doing a solo album—but between his band work and becoming a father a couple of years ago, it never seemed like the right time to do it. That changed when the pandemic forced The Lumineers to cancel the remainder of their 2020 world tour dates.

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“I got home [to Denver] in the middle of March and tried to understand how long we were actually going to be home, and when it became apparent that days were going to turn into weeks and weeks into months, my wife Francesca was like, ‘You know, I think you should really do your solo album now,’” Fraites says.

Even though he finally had the time to do the album, Fraites admits that he still resisted getting started on it. “I was sort of like, ‘I don’t want to do it in the house. It’s going to be crazy: we have a two-year-old. We have a dog who likes to bark when I play the piano.’ There was a house literally being built right next door.”

Finally, Fraites relented and began working on the album. To start things off, “I really sat down and thought, ‘What do I want the album to sound and feel like?’ Because I think that’s really important before you start recording: you should have a decent idea of what you want the album not only to sonically sound like, but emotionally, what do you want it to feel like?”

With Piano Piano, Fraites says, “I wanted it, at times, to feel like you’re right there next to me on the piano bench, and other times I wanted it to feel like you’re watching a movie with no name, really high-fidelity quality.”

Fraites says he is especially pleased with how his musical vision came out on “Chilly,” which he wrote while on tour with The Lumineers. “I remember finding these chords and going, ‘Well, I think that’s beautiful,’” Fraites says of the song. He immediately recorded the melody in a voice memo. “I recorded it as quickly as the idea came. It’s crazy that quite literally a life-changing idea can happen in a matter of seconds, so you’d just better have your phone handy to record it.”

The spaciousness in “Chilly” is, Fraites says, entirely intentional. “I’ve always been attracted to music when I hear big spaces. The composer John Cage, who I think is a genius, talked about this idea of, ‘Don’t interpret space as a negative.’ What I took away from that quote was, don’t interpret [silence] as, ‘Well, you didn’t know what to write; you didn’t know what to put in that space.’ It’s more, think of it as an intentional positive void.”

Fraites feels “Chilly” captures this ideal, as it “reminds me of the epitome of minimalism, the epitome of really trying to find a simple idea and moving and expanding and letting it evolve very slowly. I think honestly it’s my favorite track on the album currently,” he says.

This same level of thought and care went into aspects of the album beyond the music itself. “Without lyrics to guide the themes, I think the song titles meant a lot to me and I really spent time making sure they were just right,” Fraites says. “Even the album title Piano Piano has a lot of meaning to it,” he adds, explaining that his wife Francesca, who’s from Italy, told him how the word “piano” has multiple meanings in her native language. “So in Italian, if they say ‘piano piano,’ it means ‘little by little.’ I thought was so quirky and cool,” Fraites says.

The album title’s meaning also perfectly summed up the way in which Fraites approached this project. “I really tried to have patience with the album and little by little construct it, instead of trying to force these songs out of me,” he says. “I really tried to make sure that I was almost having them transmitted to me and I just needed to get them down.”

While writing songs comes relatively easily for Fraites, recording them on his own was initially problematic. The COVID-19 pandemic prevented him from working in a recording studio, so he had to learn about home recording for the first time. “The biggest struggle in the beginning was setting up the microphones,” he says.

Fraites credits David Baron, who has previously worked with Vance Joy and Shawn Mendes, with helping him figure out the correct way to do things. “I worked a lot with David, who co-engineered and co-produced the album from Woodstock, New York,” Fraites says. “We would FaceTime and I would record a piano take and he would say, ‘What the hell is that crazy truck [noise] in the background?’ [I’d say,] ‘I am so sorry, that’s the house being built next door.’ He was like, ‘Holy cow.’ It was pretty crazy. It was a lot of stress, a lot of me not knowing what the hell I was doing.”

Learning recording techniques is just the latest music-related skill that Fraites has mastered: he began learning to play drums and piano when he was growing up in New Jersey. His family encouraged his interest in music (his parents, brother, and grandmother could all play instruments). While he would go on to find fame as a drummer, Fraites recalls that piano music was a big early influence on him: “I fell in love with Beethoven’s songs, particularly his sonatas. So it’s been deeply ingrained in my musical background, the piano.”

Since then, Fraites says, “My passion, my obsession, for music never really waned. Even eight or nine years ago, when I was a busboy at a sushi restaurant in Denver before [The Lumineers] made it, I still was a musician—I just wasn’t a successful one. I really think, had we found success or not, I always would have been obsessed with music.”

Fortunately, Fraites did become successful with The Lumineers, and now Piano Piano reveals more facets of his talents. “I think it was one of the best things I’ve ever done,” he says of this solo album. “It’s actually something to look forward to for me. I’m excited it’s coming out!”

PHOTO BY: Roberto Graziano Moro

‘The Box’ Was the Song of 2020

When we look back on 2020, many sounds will come to mind. The 7 p.m. cheers for frontline workers, Patti Labelle and Gladys Knight’s voices mingling together, the deafening silence of existential unraveling. But perhaps most of all, it will be “Eeh-uhrr.”

“The Box,” Roddy Ricch’s unrelentingly popular, unrelentingly squeaky breakout hit, takes Number One on Rolling Stone’s Year-End Top 100 Songs chart, pulling in 866 million on-demand audio streams in 2020. Proving that sometimes it isn’t so much what the words mean as the way they squeak out, like a cat toy or an old door, “The Box” clobbered any other song in 2020 by more than 750,000 song units and 210 million streams.

While the song rose to the top early — reaching Number One on the weekly RS 100 in the first week of the year and going on to spend 10 nonconsecutive weeks there — it proved hard to beat as the months rolled by: No song was able to eclipse it by year’s end. (The only one that came close was DaBaby’s “Rockstar,” which features Roddy Ricch; that single managed to tie “The Box” with 10 weeks at Number One.)

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Taking second on the year-end RS 100 is the Weeknd’s “Blinding Lights,” which saw 5.7 million units in 2020. “Rockstar” and Drake and Future’s “Life Is Good” follow at Numbers Three and Four. Rounding out the Top Five is Kentucky-born rapper Jack Harlow, who was one of the biggest breakthrough artists of 2020. His piano trap breakout “Whats Poppin” pulled in 4.6 million units in 2020.

The Rolling Stone Top 100 chart tracks the most popular songs of the week in the United States. Songs are ranked by song units, a number that combines audio streams and song sales using a custom weighting system. The chart does not include passive listening like terrestrial radio or digital radio. The Rolling Stone Top 100 chart covers streams and sales from January 3rd, 2020, through December 31st, 2020.

The Top 10 is, at it tends to be, hip-hop heavy, including two back-to-back Megan Thee Stallion songs: “Savage” at Number Six and her Cardi B collaboration “WAP” at Number Seven. Four years after its initial release, Brooklyn rapper Saint JHN’s “Roses” takes Number Nine thanks to producer Imanbek’s sticky remix, while Post Malone’s “Circles,” released in September 2019, sticks around at Number 10.

But a country newcomer manages to break through the top 10, as Gabby Barrett’s “I Hope” takes Number Eight with 3.6 million units. Overall, like on the year-end RS 200, country makes a stronger showing on this year’s RS 100 compared to 2019. Overall, 14 country songs make this year’s chart, compared to last year’s 11. Established streaming star Luke Combs has two songs on the chart, with “Beautiful Crazy” and “Beer Never Broke My Heart” taking 61 and 78. And up-and-comer Morgan Wallen  launches three songs onto the year-end tally with “Chasin You” (Number 29), “Whiskey Glasses” (Number 48), and “More Than My Hometown” (Number 71). Overall, country saw a 19-percent increase in on-demand audio streams in 2020, more than the overall increase of 16 percent.

And 43 years after its release, Fleetwood Mac’s “Dreams” rides a wave of Ocean Spray Cran-Raspberry juice to the year-end RS 100. After being featured in a viral TikTok video, the Rumours hit reached Number 64 on the RS 100 this summer. All told, “Dreams” saw 1.9 million song units in 2020.

Lil Baby, Pop Smoke, Juice WRLD and Post Malone tie for the most songs on the year-end RS 100, with four each. Post Malone’s biggest song of the year was “Circles,” at Number 10. Pop Smoke’s “For the Night” takes Number 17, while Lil Baby’s “Sum 2 Prove” finishes at Number 31 and Juice WRLD’s Marshmello collaboration “Come & Go” takes 51st.

See the full year-end RS 100 here.

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